Chicago Personal Injury Law
Changes to the Illinois Supreme Court Rules Effective October 1, 2018
Illinois Supreme Court Rule 206 has been amended to make it clear that a party can use a videotaped deposition, in whole or in part, at trial.
In addition, Rule 212 now allows use of statements from a party opponent’s deposition at trial, in whole or in part to be used at trial.
Negligence has no favorite target. Unfortunately, those without health insurance are often the victim of wrongful conduct. An ambulance ride, emergency room treatment, surgery or physical therapy is often too expensive for those without health benefits.
During my years of fighting for the underdog, I have a developed a special desire to help those who are injured and who do not have health insurance. There are options that may assist in getting reasonable and necessary health care covered for those injured by wrongful conduct.
First, most automobile policies have medical payments coverage, that cover the occupants of a car involved in a crash. The benefits are available regardless of who is at fault. An attorney may also be able to have payment of medical bills delayed until the case is resolved. Although such payments diminish the injured victim’s recovery, this process can often get the type of care necessary to recover from an injury. Many times collection companies can also be held at bay.
Insurance companies and their attorneys are often able to argue out of both sides of their miserly mouths in injury cases. If you can afford and get reasonable and necessary medical care, they will argue without hesitation that you have over-treated to increase your bills and potential recovery. If you cannot afford medical care, they will argue that you weren’t really hurt, because if you were, you have more treatment.
Luckily, an Illinois Appellate Court decision, Vanoosting v. Sellars, 2012 IL App (5th) 110365, allows the jury to hear testimony that plaintiff’s lack of health insurance was the reason she did not received medical treatment for last three years before the trial. Insurance is generally not admissible due to fears that a jury will not award fair and reasonable compensation, but instead sock it to the insurance company. In Vanoosting, the defense attorney knew that the real reason why plaintiff had stopped treatment (her lack of insurance), but he repeated emphasized during his cross-examinations of witnesses in front of the jury that she had not followed up on her care. By emphasizing that point, he was trying to convince the jury the plaintiff had no ongoing problems. The appellate court determined that the trial court was wrong to stop the plaintiff from telling the jury the real reason why she was not seeking medical. care and sent the case back to the trial court for a new trial.
In a different appellate court case, Klingelhoets v. Charlton-Perrin, 2013 IL App (1st) 112412, the appellate court determined that the trial court was correct to allow plaintiff’s testimony that the costliness of physical therapy was the reason that she did not continue with her PT. Evidence of a plaintiff or defendant’s wealth or poverty is generally not admissible; so a defense attorney will argue that evidence that someone could not afford treatment is likewise not admissible. Again, the defense attorney knew the real reason why the plaintiff stopped her treatment (the cost), but asked her if she had any upcoming PT appointments. The plaintiff explained that she did not because of the cost and the appellate court determined that the trial court was correct to allow the jury to hear that testimony. The court noted that the defense attorney “repeatedly insinuated to the jury that the plaintiff has stopped . . . physical therapy after the accident of her own accord because she was not really in pain anymore and felt she no longer need this treatment. Such intimation was in direct contradiction to the evidence and the testimony that plaintiff presented, i.e., that she need ongoing and future care for her persistent injuies from the accident.”
In my experience, jurors do what is right, and usually award fair and reasonable compensation if proven. Over the years during my many jury trials, jurors routinely asked questions during deliberations about insurance, and it is preposterous to think that among 12 individuals picked to decide a case, none would think that the defendant’s attorney was being paid for by an insurance company or health care figured in the treatment decisions. Juries will do the right thing, so long as the presentation is truthful and credible. These two cases show how defense tactics may try mislead the jury, and that the judges will ultimately get things right if the proper arguments are made.